Ireland is situated in the Atlantic Ocean and separated from Great Britain by the Irish Sea. Half the size of Arkansas, it occupies the entire island except for the six counties that make up Northern Ireland. Ireland resembles a basin—a central plain rimmed with mountains, except in the Dublin region. The mountains are low, with the highest peak, Carrantuohill in County Kerry, rising to 3,415 ft (1,041 m). The principal river is the Shannon, which begins in the north-central area, flows south and southwest for about 240 mi (386 km), and empties into the Atlantic.
In the Stone and Bronze Ages, Ireland was inhabited by Picts in the north and a people called the Erainn in the south, the same stock, apparently, as in all the isles before the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain. Around the 4th century B.C. , tall, red-haired Celts arrived from Gaul or Galicia. They subdued and assimilated the inhabitants and established a Gaelic civilization. By the beginning of the Christian Era, Ireland was divided into five kingdoms—Ulster, Connacht, Leinster, Meath, and Munster. Saint Patrick introduced Christianity in 432, and the country developed into a center of Gaelic and Latin learning. Irish monasteries, the equivalent of universities, attracted intellectuals as well as the pious and sent out missionaries to many parts of Europe and, some believe, to North America.
Norse incursions along the coasts, starting in 795, ended in 1014 with Norse defeat at the Battle of Clontarf by forces under Brian Boru. In the 12th century, the pope gave all of Ireland to the English Crown as a papal fief. In 1171, Henry II of England was acknowledged “Lord of Ireland,” but local sectional rule continued for centuries, and English control over the whole island was not reasonably secure until the 17th century. In the Battle of the Boyne (1690), the Catholic King James II and his French supporters were defeated by the Protestant King William III (of Orange). An era of Protestant political and economic supremacy began.
By the Act of Union (1801), Great Britain and Ireland became the “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.” A steady decline in the Irish economy followed in the next decades. The population had reached 8.25 million when the great potato famine of 1846–1848 took many lives and drove more than 2 million people to immigrate to North America.
Irish Student Visa Check List
1. Visa application (Official Use only),
2. Student Questionnaire (Official Use only)
2.3. Visa application fee of Embassy 5850 Rs. + 250 Rs. Bank Draft Charges +TCS charges about 600 (Make a bank draft in Pak rupees in the favor of “Consulate of Ireland” Karachi)
3.4. All original Educational Mark Sheets, Certificates, Professional Training Certificates and IELTS result, (includes Board Address, Phone Numbers and Fax Number) Institutes Address, Phone No.
4.5. Three Copies of all educational documents including degrees, diplomas, short courses etc.
5.6. Latest original report of English Language Certificates IELTS or TOEFL (Language Certificate should not be older than 2 years)
6.7. Three Copies of IELTS / TOFEL Test,
7.8. An explanation of any gaps in your educational history.
8.9. Six (6) passport size photos (with white background)
9.10. Passport in original, NIC in Original, 3 photo Copies of NIC (whole A4 sized page) and 2 photo copies of Passport (1st three pages and last three pages) (whole A4 sized page).
10.11. Copy of first 3 and last 3 pages of old passport(send us copy if there is any visa and refusal in passport)
11.12. If there is any old visa refusal please send us letter of reason about visa refusal only from Consulate/Embassy
12.13. Personal Statement (Study Plan, it mean what have you done in your previous education, why are you choosing this country, why this course, why this university / college, what you will do after completion of your study).
13.14. Acceptance letter from University/College.
14.15. Two copies of acceptance from the University/College
15.16. Proof of advance tuition fee,
16.17. Conditional offer letter from University/College.
17.18. Two copies of conditional offer letter from University/College
18.19. Two Teachers Recommendation letters.
19.20. Character Certificates from all your previous educational institutes (if available).
20.21. Police Character certificate from any nearest police station with two photo copies.
21.22. Your own affidavit stating that you are going to study in Ireland, your real purpose is to study there, your documents are genuine and after completion of studies you will return to your country. Moreover, you have sufficient funds to support you during your education in Ireland and you will not become a burden on Irish Government.
22.23. Affidavit / Sponsor Letter on stamp paper Rs.20/- (sponsor letter) from my Sponsor (in case your sponsor belongs to Pakistan)
23.24. Sponsor letter on legal paper with notary public stamp if your sponsor belongs to any other country.
24.25. Affidavit / sponsor letter on business letter head. If your sponsor is a business man.
25.26. Proof of business / job of the Sponsor/business ownership.
26.27. Three Copies of ID Card & Visiting card of sponsor.
27.28. Property documents including commercial , agricultural , residential property, Car , tractor, other machinery of sponsor (if any)
28.29. Tax documents of the sponsor. .(if applicable)
29.30. Six Months running Bank statements of sponsor including all personal and business accounts (Fresh printed by bank).
30.31. Letter from Bank about account existence.
31.32. Saving or fixed deposits of sponsor.
32.33. Student’s own personal Bank Statement. .(if applicable)
33.34. Two photo copies sets of all the bank statements stated above.
Please note a student can be sponsored by any or all of the following ways:-
Parents, Paternal / Maternal uncle, brothers / Sisters, Grand Parents, Cousins, family friends, student him / herself, there is no matter in which countries they are living now,
Bank statement in case of:-
• Parents: – more than your full course tuition cost + living. (6 months bank statement with transactions)
• Other than parents according to the above given guide three time more than your full cost of tuition, & living. (6 months bank statement with transactions)
• Students himself / herself: – equal to full course tuition & Living. (Student own bank statement no need to have 6 months transactions even student can deposit 5 days before applying visa.)